Supreme Court allows live streaming of court proceedings
The Supreme Court of India has allowed live streaming and video recording of court proceedings across the country. The bench comprising Chief Justice Dipak Misra and Justices AM Khanwilkar and DY Chandrachud asked the government to frame rules in this regard under Article 145 of the Constitution.
Aadhaar Verdict: Supreme Court upholds constitutional validity of Aadhaar Act
The five-judge Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court has upheld most of the provisions of the Aadhaar Act by 4:1 Majority while hearing the petitions challenging the constitutional validity of Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other. Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016.
Of the five-judges, Chief Justice Dipak Misra, and Justices A.K. Sikri, A.M. Khanwilkar, Ashok Bhushan validated the provisions of the Aadhaar with few restrictions, while Justice D.Y. Chandrachud held that the entire Aadhar project is unconstitutional(dissenting judgment).

Political candidates cannot be disqualified on basis of criminal charges: Supreme Court
The Supreme Court has ruled that no candidates could be disqualified from contesting elections merely because charges have been framed against them in a criminal case.
The ruling was delivered by a five-judge constitution bench of the Supreme Court, which was chaired by Chief Justice Dipak Misra and comprised Justices RF Nariman, AM Khanwilkar, DY Chandrachud and Indu Malhotra.
The bench also directed the legislature to consider framing a law to ensure decriminalisation of politics.

Supreme Court adjourns hearing on validity of Article 35A till January 2019
The Supreme Court on August 31, 2018 adjourned hearing on petitions challenging constitutional validity of Article 35 A to second week of January 2019.
• The Article empowers the Jammu and Kashmir legislature to define the state’s permanent residents and their special rights and it bars outsiders from buying immovable property in the state.

• The Article 35A was added to the Indian Constitution (Appendix II) through a Presidential Order -The Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 1954. It was issued by the then President Rajendra Prasad on May 14, 1954 in exercise of the powers conferred by clause (1) of Article 370.

Bill proposing death penalty for child rape cleared by Parliament
The Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha have cleared a bill proposing death penalty for the rape of girls below the age of 12 years. This will replace the ordinance that was passed in April following the outrage over the Kathua and Unnao rapes. The bill also increases the minimum punishment for rape from 7 years to 10 years.

Government to soon introduce bill proposing death penalty for mob lynching
The Union Government will soon bring a bill proposing death penalty for those guilty of the crime of lynching.The
information was shared by Union Minister of State for Home Hansraj Ahir when a delegation of the Nathjogi community called on him in Yavatmal, Maharashtra.

Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill gets President’s nod
President Ram Nath Kovind hasgiven his assent to the Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill, 2018, which will prevent offenders from evading legal process and fleeing the country.
A fugitive economic offender is one against whom an arrest warrant is issued for economic offences of ₹100 crore and above. Further, the offender should have left India to avoid criminal prosecution.

Rajya Sabha decides to defer discussion on Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill 2017
The Rajya Sabha has decided to defer discussion on the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill 2017.
• The Chairman of the house, M Venkaiah Naidu announced that the discussion on the bill will not take place because of differences among political parties.
• The Triple Talaq Bill aims to protect rights of married Muslim Women and prohibit instant Triple Talaq.

Parliament passes Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2018
Indian Parliament has passed the Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2018 that proposes to enhance punishment for rape of a child. The Bill was earlier passed by the Lok Sabha on July 30, 2018.
• The Bill seeks to replace the Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 2018 promulgated on April 21, 2018 following an outcry over the rape and murder of a minor girl in Kathua in Jammu and Kashmir and the rape of another woman at Unnao in Uttar Pradesh.
• The Bill stipulates stringent punishment for those guilty of rape, particularly of girls below the age of 16 and 12 years. The ordinance also orders death sentence to those guilty of raping girls below the age of 12 years.

Parliament passes SC and ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Bill, 2018
The Parliament on August 9, 2018 passed the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Bill, 2018.

Lok Sabha passes Constitution (123rd amendment) Bill
The Lok Sabha on August 2, 2018 passed the Constitution (123rd Amendment) Bill that seeks to provide constitutional status to the National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC).
• The crucial bill was passed unanimously by the house with over two-third majority, with all 406 members present voting in favour after an almost five-hour long debate. The House passed the bill superseding the amendments by the Rajya Sabha.
• During the debate on the bill, several members demanded a census to ascertain the population of other backward classes (OBCs) while some others pressed for making public the socio-economic survey of 2014.

**Supreme Court allows live streaming of court proceedings** The Supreme Court of India has allowed live streaming and video recording of court proceedings across the country. The bench comprising Chief Justice Dipak Misra and Justices AM Khanwilkar and DY Chandrachud asked the government to frame rules in this regard under Article 145 of the Constitution. Aadhaar Verdict: Supreme Court upholds constitutional validity of Aadhaar Act The five-judge Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court has upheld most of the provisions of the Aadhaar Act by 4:1 Majority while hearing the petitions challenging the constitutional validity of Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other. Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016. Of the five-judges, Chief Justice Dipak Misra, and Justices A.K. Sikri, A.M. Khanwilkar, Ashok Bhushan validated the provisions of the Aadhaar with few restrictions, while Justice D.Y. Chandrachud held that the entire Aadhar project is unconstitutional(dissenting judgment). **Political candidates cannot be disqualified on basis of criminal charges: Supreme Court** The Supreme Court has ruled that no candidates could be disqualified from contesting elections merely because charges have been framed against them in a criminal case. The ruling was delivered by a five-judge constitution bench of the Supreme Court, which was chaired by Chief Justice Dipak Misra and comprised Justices RF Nariman, AM Khanwilkar, DY Chandrachud and Indu Malhotra. The bench also directed the legislature to consider framing a law to ensure decriminalisation of politics. **Supreme Court adjourns hearing on validity of Article 35A till January 2019** The Supreme Court on August 31, 2018 adjourned hearing on petitions challenging constitutional validity of Article 35 A to second week of January 2019. • The Article empowers the Jammu and Kashmir legislature to define the state’s permanent residents and their special rights and it bars outsiders from buying immovable property in the state. • The Article 35A was added to the Indian Constitution (Appendix II) through a Presidential Order -The Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 1954. It was issued by the then President Rajendra Prasad on May 14, 1954 in exercise of the powers conferred by clause (1) of Article 370. **Bill proposing death penalty for child rape cleared by Parliament** The Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha have cleared a bill proposing death penalty for the rape of girls below the age of 12 years. This will replace the ordinance that was passed in April following the outrage over the Kathua and Unnao rapes. The bill also increases the minimum punishment for rape from 7 years to 10 years. **Government to soon introduce bill proposing death penalty for mob lynching** The Union Government will soon bring a bill proposing death penalty for those guilty of the crime of lynching.The information was shared by Union Minister of State for Home Hansraj Ahir when a delegation of the Nathjogi community called on him in Yavatmal, Maharashtra. **Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill gets President’s nod** President Ram Nath Kovind hasgiven his assent to the Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill, 2018, which will prevent offenders from evading legal process and fleeing the country. A fugitive economic offender is one against whom an arrest warrant is issued for economic offences of ₹100 crore and above. Further, the offender should have left India to avoid criminal prosecution. **Rajya Sabha decides to defer discussion on Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill 2017** The Rajya Sabha has decided to defer discussion on the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill 2017. • The Chairman of the house, M Venkaiah Naidu announced that the discussion on the bill will not take place because of differences among political parties. • The Triple Talaq Bill aims to protect rights of married Muslim Women and prohibit instant Triple Talaq. **Parliament passes Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2018** Indian Parliament has passed the Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2018 that proposes to enhance punishment for rape of a child. The Bill was earlier passed by the Lok Sabha on July 30, 2018. • The Bill seeks to replace the Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 2018 promulgated on April 21, 2018 following an outcry over the rape and murder of a minor girl in Kathua in Jammu and Kashmir and the rape of another woman at Unnao in Uttar Pradesh. • The Bill stipulates stringent punishment for those guilty of rape, particularly of girls below the age of 16 and 12 years. The ordinance also orders death sentence to those guilty of raping girls below the age of 12 years. **Parliament passes SC and ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Bill, 2018** The Parliament on August 9, 2018 passed the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Bill, 2018. **Lok Sabha passes Constitution (123rd amendment) Bill** The Lok Sabha on August 2, 2018 passed the Constitution (123rd Amendment) Bill that seeks to provide constitutional status to the National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC). • The crucial bill was passed unanimously by the house with over two-third majority, with all 406 members present voting in favour after an almost five-hour long debate. The House passed the bill superseding the amendments by the Rajya Sabha. • During the debate on the bill, several members demanded a census to ascertain the population of other backward classes (OBCs) while some others pressed for making public the socio-economic survey of 2014.
 
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